|From:||Lenny Siegel <email@example.com>|
|Date:||Mon, 31 Oct 1994 09:58:32 -0800 (PST)|
|Subject:||SHIPBOARD SOLID WASTES|
SHIPBOARD SOLID WASTE Dumping garbage overboard is as old a tradition as sailing, but the U.S. Navy, along with other major generators of maritime garbage, is under pressure to reduce and treat its discharges. The General Accounting Office recently released a report reviewing the Navy's progress and plans: "Pollution Prevention: Chronology of Navy Ship Waste Processing Equipment Development" (GAO/NSIAD-94-221FS, August, 1994). Here is the report's summary: The Navy has proposed two plans since the passage of the Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act of 1987. In the Navy's 1987 Shipboard Solid and Plastics Waste Management Program Plan, the Navy anticipated that it would take 11 years (until 1998) to develop, produce, and install the processing equipment necessary to meet shipboard solid waste discharge requirements. The equipment stipulated in the plan were a vertical trash compactor, a solid waste pulper, and a plastics waste processor. In 1993, the Navy revised its plan. The revised plan eliminated the trash compactor, added a metal/glass shredder, and retained the pulper and plastics processor. Since the 1970's, the Navy has conducted research to develop shipboard solid waste processing equipment. The Navy's first contract to design a trash compactor was awarded in 1979. The Navy began developing a pulper in 1985, a plastic processor in 1987, and a shredder in 1993. Development and production of the trash compactor were terminated in 1993. Acquisition and installation of the pulper and shredder were suspended in 1994. The Navy has several research projects underway for destroying or treating shipboard wastes. These include plasma arc, pulsed plasma arc, molten salt destruction, and ram-jet incineration projects. According to the Navy, from fiscal years 1979-93, it spent $26 million to research, develop, and produce waste processing equipment for its Shipboard Solid and Plastics Waste Management Program. On September 30, 1993, the Navy estimated that is program would cost $901 million for fiscal years 1992-99. This estimate will change because the Navy made the estimate before the Congress extended the Navy's compliance deadline from 1993 to 1998 and beyond. According to Navy officials, the Navy is currently reconsidering the Shipboard Solid and Plastics Waste Management Program and its cost. (Single copies of all GAO reports are available free of charge. Note the report title, date, and number, and call 202/512-6000 or fax 301/258-4066.)
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