|From:||Lenny Siegel <email@example.com>|
|Date:||Mon, 30 Jan 1995 00:28:09 -0800 (PST)|
|Subject:||DOD ET R&D|
DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY R&D The Pentagon has released a list of projects being funded in the first year (FY 1995) of the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program. The list matches closely the requirements often described by the neighbors at military bases across the country. In releasing the list, the Defense Environmental Security office asserted that most of the technologies under development will not only protect the environment and public health, but save the government money once they are fielded. These projects confirm that the Defense Department is at the forefront of many important environmental technologies: POLLUTION PREVENTION 1. Advanced Nontoxic Antifouling Coating. This is designed to replace toxic hull coatings (paint) with non-toxic substances. 2. Waste Acid Detoxification and Reclamation. This appears to be a closed-loop system for reclaiming acids fouled by metal wastes from electroplating and other industrial processes. COMPLIANCE 3. Measurement of Lead in Drinking Water. The project is testing a low-cost instrument for on-site, continuous measurement of lead in drinking water. 4. Highly Energetic Material Disposal. The supports the demonstration of a three-step method for removing and chemically breaking down solid fuel from missiles and rockets. By 2005, the stockpile of such fuel will reach 163 million pounds. The current disposal method, open burning, directly releases large quantities of hazardous wastes, such as hydrogen chloride, into the environment. 5. Demonstration of Robotic In Situ Condition Assessment for Underground Storage Tanks. In this project, an ultrasound- instrumented robot "crawls around" inside storage tanks, examining corrosion. 6. Supercritcal Water Oxidation. The project will demonstrate a transportable disposal unit for demilitarizing and neutralizing smokes, dyes, and other pyrotechnics. 7. Control of Lead in Drinking Water. In this project, epoxy linings will be used to prevent lead from old piping to leach into drinking water. 8. Photocatalytic Destruction of Nitrate Esters in Air. This project will develop an ultraviolet oxidation process to treat air emissions of nitroglycerine and solvents. CLEANUP 9. Peroxone Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater. Peroxone oxidation will be used to treat groundwater contaminated with explosives and propellant wastes. 10. Biotreatment of Explosives-Contaminated Soils in Slurry Reactor. This is a field demonstration of a bioreactor, using both aerobic and anaerobic processes, for treating soil containing RDX, HMX, and TNT. 11. Joint Small Arms Range Remediation. This project will demonstrate transportable equipment for separation, soil-washing, and stabilization to remove lead (from bullets) from impact berms at military small arms firing ranges. 12. Fiber Optic Biosensor. The project will develop a hand-held device for measuring TNT and other contaminants in water. 13. POL (Petroleum-Oil-Lubricants) Sensor Validation of SCAPS (Site Characterization Analysis Penetrometer System). In this system, a fiber optic probe from a mobile van is lowered, in a cone penetrometer, into soil to detect hydrocarbon contamination in real time. UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE (UXO) 14. Remote Sensing of Surface UXO with Active Laser and Passive Infrared Airborne Line Scanner. This technology permits safe, remote detection of surface unexploded munitions regardless of vegetation density or thermal conditions. 15. Classification and Mapping of Underwater UXO. This method uses several marine geophysical remote sensing technologies to detect unexploded munitions under up to 50 meters of water. 16. Multi-Sensor Towed Array Detection System. This project is demonstrating sensors, mounted on a towed platform, for detecting buried unexploded ordnance. 17. Subsurface Ordnance Characterization System. This technology is designed to detect and map underground unexploded munitions and distinguish them from other debris. 18. Remote Controlled Surface/Near Surface UXO Detector and Manipulator. This unstaffed vehicle uses three sensor technologies to locate surface and near-surface unexploded munitions, and then excavates them.
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